What is ALICE?
ALICE is an acronym that stands for Asset Limited, Income, Constrained, Employed. It's a metric that represents the number of households in a specific geographic area that earn more than the Federal Poverty Level but less than the basic cost of living for the county - also known as the ALICE Threshold.
Individuals and families that identify as ALICE are employed, occasionally working multiple jobs or in essential positions, but are unable to achieve or maintain financial stability due to the rising costs of living and stagnating wages.
What is the ALICE Threshold?
Derived from the Household Survival Budget, the average income that a household needs to afford housing, child care, food, transportation, health care, and a smartphone plan, plus taxes. Calculated for various household types for every U.S. state and county.
ALICE: Focus on Children
The latest ALICE report focuses on children. It shows nearly 56,000 children in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties — 53% of all children — lived in a household with income below the ALICE Threshold of Financial Survival in 2019.
- More than half (53%) of children in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties lived in households experiencing financial hardship in 2019. While 16% were below the FPL, an additional 37% — more than twice as many — were ALICE.
- While there are children below the ALICE Threshold across all demographic groups, 66% of Black children and 69% of Hispanic children in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties lived in households with income below the ALICE Threshold in 2019, compared to 46% of White children.
- Having working parents or guardians does not guarantee financial stability: 27% of Escambia County and Santa Rosa County children in households with two adults in the labor force were still below the ALICE Threshold in 2019.
- Children below the ALICE Threshold often lack access to resources ranging from stable housing and public assistance to education and broadband services. Almost 19,000 children below the ALICE Threshold in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties did not participate in SNAP.
Find out more about the ALICE: Focus on Children report for Escambia and Santa Rosa counties by viewing our fact sheet.
- The ALICE Children Data Dashboard, to dig deeper into related topics, demographics, and sub-state geographies
- Resources related to children and financial hardship, including the references linked in this Research Brief, as well as additional resources that offer important context and even deeper analysis
- The Pandemic Divide: An ALICE Analysis of National COVID Surveys (2021) and other resources on the ALICE and COVID-19 webpage, to see the impacts of the pandemic on ALICE
- On Uneven Ground: ALICE and Financial Hardship in the U.S. (2020), to learn about the trends that contributed to a growing number of ALICE households even before the pandemic
- The ALICE Wage Tool, to explore wage levels by geography and occupation